La moral filosophia del Doni, tratta da gli antichi scrittori.

La moral filosophia del Doni, tratta da gli antichi scrittori, by Giovanni, da Capua, 13th cent.

Two inscriptions: the library of the Convento di San Francesco di Ceneda; Bartolomeo Zorzi d’Ampezzo

“Spectat ad Biblio[thecam] S. Francisci P.F. Reformat[orum]? Cenet[ae]”
Ms. ownership inscription of the library of Convento di San Francesco di Ceneda of the Reformed Franciscans.
Second inscription: “Donum D. Bartholom[a]ei Zorzi de Ampitio”
Probably Bartolomeo Zorzi d’Ampezzo (no dates).

Penn Libraries call number: IndC K1247 Ei552m

The Abbey Memory System

Woodcut explicating the abbey memory system of the Dominican Johann Horst von Romberch in his Congestorium artificiose memorie (Venice: Melchiorre Sessa, 1533). In this cut are “sets of objects to be memorized in the courtyard, library, and chapel of the abbey. Each fifth place is marked with a hand and each tenth place with a cross, in accordance with the instructions given in [the popular rhetorical textbook] Ad Herennium for distinguishing the fifth and tenth places. Obviously there is an association here with the five fingers. As Memory moved along the places, these were ticked off on the fingers.”–F.A. Yates, The Art of Memory (London: Pimlico, 1992), p. 116.

Call Number: GC5 H7958 520c 1533

Hand-colored Coat of Arms of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor

Woodcut coat of arms of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459-1519) surrounded by the arms of Austria(?), Styria(?), Carinthia(?), and Carniola(?).

Found in: Dialogus mythologicus Bartolomei Colonie[n]sis : dulcibus iocis, iucundis salibus, co[n]cinisq[ue] sente[n]tiis refertus, atq[ue] diligenter nuper elaboratus, by Coloniensis Bartholomaeus, ca. 1460-ca. 1516.

Woodcut used by Hieronymus Vietor and Johann Singriener of Vienna.

Call Number:  GC B2834 489e 1512

Woodcut Diagram of a Visual Alphabet

Woodcut diagram of a visual alphabet from Johann Horst von Romberch’s work on memory, Congestorium artificiose memorie (Venice: Melchiorre Sessa, 1533). “Visual alphabets are ways of representing letters of the alphabet by images. These are formed in various ways; for example with pictures of objects whose shape resemble [sic] letters of the alphabet, as compasses or a ladder for A; or a hoe for N. Another way is through pictures of animals or birds arranged in the order of the first letter of their names, as A for Anser, goose, B for Bubo, owl.”–F.A. Yates, The Art of Memory (London: Pimlico, 1992), p. 124-125.

Call Number: GC5 H7958 520c 1533

Woodcut (“Sauritt des Papsts”) after Lucas Cranach the Elder, used by Christian Rödinger the Elder of Magdeburg, of the pope riding a sow, holding steaming excrement

Woodcut (“Sauritt des Papsts”) after Lucas Cranach the Elder, used by Christian Rödinger the Elder of Magdeburg. According to I. Gobry, it is a reproduction of a Cranach woodcut (no. 6) in Martin Luther’s 1545 polemic Abbildung des Bapstum (cf. Image de la papauté (Grenoble: Millon, 1997), p. 118). R.W. Scribner unpacks the symbolism of the image in the context of Luther’s intent to “discredit papal plans for a General Council of the Church”:

The pope rides on a sow, carrying a spiral of steaming excrement on his open palm. The Latin text at the top says this is how the pope holds a council in Germany. The German text states that the sow must allow itself to be ridden and spurred from both sides. There are two allusions here. Luther often spoke of Germany as the “papal sow”, to be force-fed with papal lies for the pope’s sole gain. There was also a popular riddle in circulation, and which appeared in print in 1541: “How do you ride a sow so that it does not bite? — Put dung on your hand, and when the sow smells it, it will chase it and not bite the rider.” The message, then, was that Germany may well seek a council from the pope, but all it could expect was lies and deceit. (Cf. For the Sake of Simple Folk: Popular Propaganda for the German Reformation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994), p. 82-83.)

The image may also have anti-Semitic undertones, recalling satirical depictions of Jews riding on pigs (cf. R.W. Scribner, Popular Culture and Popular Movements in Reformation Germany (London: Hambledon Press, 1987), p. 292).

Call Number: GC5 F5948 550e

Woodcut Medallion Portraits of Roman Notables

Woodcut medallion portraits of Roman notables by Hans Sebald Beham. Used by Christian Egenolff of Frankfurt am Main. For full list of portraits, see G. Pauli, Hans Sebald Beham (Strassburg: Heitz, 1901), p. 379ff.

Top row:
Julius Caesar (Pauli no. 927)
Gaius Julius Caesar, father of Julius Caesar (Pauli no. 1013)
Marcia, grandmother of Julius Caesar (Pauli no. 1054)

Middle row:
Aurelia Cotta (Pauli no. 1053)
Julia Drusilla (Pauli no. 1059)
Cornelia Cinna (Pauli no. 1055)

Bottom row:
Julia Caesaris, daughter of Julius Caesar (Pauli no. 1056)
Calpurnia Pisonis (Pauli no. 1058)

Call Number: GC5 Eg216 533c